Abu Bakr Al Razi


What was Abu Bakr al Razi's most significant contribution tpo medical history?

Abu Bakr al Razi was a Persian physician, alchiemist, philosopher, and important figure in the history of medicine. He was a keen experimenter and observer. As director of a large hospital in Baghdad, and the physician to the royal court, he engaged in medicine on a practical level. These experiences shaped his writings. He saw the importance of recordimg a patient's case history, and made clinical notes about the progress and symptoms of different illnesses, including his own.

One of his most important contributions was the discovery that smallpox annnnd measles were different diseases. Previously, they were lumped together simply as disease that caused rashes. However, through careful observation, Al Razi recorded the differences in appearance of the skin inflammations, as well as the accompanying physical symptoms. He deduced correctly, that they were indeed two distinct diseases.

Al Razi wrote numberous books on arange of medical and scientific subjects. 'The Al-Mansuri' and 'Al-Hawi,' his encyclopedic reviews of medicine, were translated int several languages, and became a standard text for Persian and European medical student for centuries.

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